The impressive Dolmen 13 at Carrowmore by William Wakeman, a watercolour painted around 1878.
Copyright County Sligo Library.
Site 13 is located right beside the road , just a few hundred meters from the visitor centre. The circle of this monument was destroyed before any records were made, but we could guess it was about 13 meters in diameter. What remains is a large and impressive dolmen capped by a large split boulder. The stones are, as usual, all of gneiss. When Wood-Martin excavated the monument, he found it had already been cleared, probably by Walker. He found 600g cremated bone, fragments of shells, small pebbles, charcoal, and a piece of glass.
A postcard of Carrowmore 13 from around 1900.
This monument was hit by a car in 1985, and the capstone was displaced. It was later repaired using a crane. This site and Site 7 are thought the be the gateway or entrypoint into the carrowmore complex, and as is often the case in Ireland, the modern road may well follow the route of the original road. Like Site 7, the dolmen is large enough for a person, and has a short passage pointing away from the centre of the complex.
Borlase: - No. 13. Situated to the S.E. of XI but "on the opposite side of the road" (dolmen-circle). It is the first dolmen seen by the traveller on the road from Sligo to Carrowmore. '"This circle has been destroyed by the road passing through it, but the cromleac remains, and is a fine monument of its kind. The table-stone is 20 feet in circumference, and is supported by six stones; but on the W. side, or head, there are four more stones, lengthening the grave, as frequently occurs in such monuments." - Petrie.
Dolmen 13 at Carrowmore. Sketch etched from Petrie, 1837. Some have speculated that this monument, along with No. 7 may form a gateway or entrance into Carrowmore.
"On the N. side" (Petrie's W. side), "it has the peculiar porch-like entrance of X, but it is difficult to decide whether it was a purposed lengthening of the grave..... or whether the monument had been originally a double cromleac. The cap-stone resembles in shape the head of a mushroom." The results of a search among the contents of the area under the covering-stone which had been thrown out and replaced perhaps, or overlooked during a previous search, "consisted of four hundred and twenty-eight small fragments of clay-coloured bones, and twenty pieces of charcoal. There was no appearance of the action of fire, and yet the bones must have been burned, though imperfectly, as some few fragments show the crack-like marks produced by fire, and noticed in other sepulchres. There were also fragments of shells, small pebbles, and much fine brown humus and sand. Of the uncovered portion of the monument two stones remain. Close to and under one of these was found, in situ, a 'pocket' of calcined bones and an amorphous fragment of greenish glass, coated with a thick, whitish crust." Petrie is said to have found "opaque blue-glass ornaments in cairns in the N. of Ireland." - W. M.
found, together with urns, calcined remains, vitreous, barrel-like beds,
etc., in an encircled cairn raised around a natural rock on the cliff
at Boscregan in West Cornwall, a thick piece of dark-blue glass which
had become iridescent, seemingly a portion of a globular bottle of no
great size. The thickness of the glass in comparison with that of Roman
glass of the ordinary lachrymatory type was remarkable.
Dolmen 13 at Carrowmore. The circle was destroyed by the road. Beyond to the right is Cairns Hill, where two massive neolithic cairns are found on the twin summits.